Seborrheic dermatitis is often a mildly eczemic disease which typically appears in regions with a high production of sebum. Even though it is etiologically unexplained, it is associated with an increased production of sebum and development of the malassezia furfur fungus (common skin inhabitant).
Seborrheic dermatitis is characterized by redness and skin peeling, rarely with a mild itch. It can appear in newborns and then it is transient usually in 3 months, while in adulthood it is considered a chronic disease. The incidence is as much as 10% of the grown up population and since it can not be separated from the scalp dandruff it is considered that the percentage is even larger. Men suffer significantly more often then women, and this disease is a parameter of psychological mood, and stress, because the worsening happens in all exhausting circumstances.
Antimycotics and anti-inflammatory agents are always used in treatment. When needed, immunomodulators and corticosteroids can be included. Since the disease is chronic in nature, the therapy needs to be repeated.
Periodical sunbathing is good for this type of skin condition, and it brings on remission for a few months.
Spec. Dr. Svetlana Djurisic, dermatologist