The techniques of removing the enlarged capillaries are different depending on the location and the nature of the blood vessels. On the face, radiowave coagulation and laser treatments is commonly applied and on the legs – it is sclerosation, injection an active substance into the blood vessels.
In most cases a number of treatments is necessary at various times in order to get the desired results.
Removing the enlarged capillaries from the face
Individual capillaries on the face are removed the fastest and most successfully by the radio waves or with laser. During the intervention an extension the length of a human hair or a bit wider can be used, depending on the thickness of the capillary, and when the procedure is completed, only thin scabs remain, thick as the capillaries removed. It usually takes two treatments, two months apart.
Capillaries can be removed by the diode laser, KTP laser or Nd Yag. To remove the capillaries it usually takes from three to four treatments one month apart. Depending on the device used for the intervention, there are scabs or bruised areas along the capillaries after the treatment.
If there is a multitude of thin capillaries on the face that form a diffuse redness over the surface of the face, the choice falls to the IPL device with adequate energy and spectrum of wavelengths.
Enlarged capillaries on the legs
Enlarged capillaries on the legs are removed using various methods, depending on their diameter.
For capillaries from 0.5 to 1 mm in diameter a method of choice is sclerosation. The method consists of injecting a substance that leads to the gluing of the blood vessel walls. It is ideal for capillaries that create spider-like formations which sometimes look like bruises. To achieve a pleasing effect, often only one treatment is enough and if it is necessary to repeat the treatment it is done after a month. This method is successfully used for venules or the blood vessels up to 2 mm in diameter which are reflected on the surface of the skin. To treat the surface veins it is necessary to do a doppler of the lower extremities.
When the leg capillaries are thin as threads the best choice is to remove them with combination of laser treatments and radiowaves.
In radiowave treatment, a needle is inserted along the capillary whose thickness is smaller the diameter of a hair and radiofrequency power is induced. This coagulates the thread of the capillary. For pleasing results it is usually enough to do 2 treatment, 2 months apart.
Laser removal treatment of capillaries consists of the use of certain laser beam intensity, which leads to the closure of the blood vessels. During the treatment, a part of the capillaries is successfully closed and the other capillaries become less visible and can be re-treated after two months. More about laser removal treatment read here.
In our practice we are applying all the described methods.
Spec. Dr. Svetlana Djurisic, dermatologist
Dermatological clinic DERMATIM, Belgrade, Serbia