Botox is the best preparation for removal of wrinkles from the forehead, around the eyes and mouth.
What is botox?
Botox or Botulinum toxin A is a product of specific bacteria – clostridium botulinum, which cause food poisoning called botulism. The poison these bacteria produce is one of the most toxic in the world, but after pharmacological treatment a purified, faintly concentrated form of the toxin is used for medical purposes. Injecting botox in small doses into specific muscles by a certified doctor, blocks the chemical signals and disables excessive muscle contractions and therefore the formation of wrinkles.
Why should it be applied?
Facial skin reflects our muscle movements by carving in the wrinkles. By blocking certain muscle movements, wrinkles on the skin appear, and already deeply incised wrinkles are significantly straightened. Botox injections are not applied into the muscles that raise the eyebrows so that the person keeps a completely natural facial expression, with usual eyebrow movement. Botulinum toxin A is used since 1980 to treat various muscle disorders in neurology and ophthalmology. In 1987 it received an FDA approval for safe and efficient use between the ages of 18 and 65 to treat mild and pronounced wrinkles on the forehead, between the eyebrows and around the eyes.
When is botox injections a good choice?
- Vertical wrinkles on the forehead, between the eyebrows and on and around the nose.
- Wrinkles around and in the corners of the eyes.
- Creases on the forehead.
- Asymmetry of the eyelids or eyebrows.
When is botox not a good option?
Not all wrinkles in the face can be corrected or mitigated with botox. Wrinkles made by damage from the Sun can not be corrected with botox injections. Also, it is not recommended to treat the lines on the lower half of the face. Muscles in these regions are significant for usual daily functions and it is not recommended for them to be weakened.
Other indications when to use botox
Along with treating facial wrinkles, botox injections are used in persistent headaches, problems with eye movement and problems with muscle spasms. Also, increased sweating – Hyperhidrosis, is treated with a larger botox dilution and a surface application directly under the skin. This way the function of the sweat glands is eased, and one treatment enables a period of at least 6 months to a year with no increased sweating.
Possible risks of injecting botox
Botox injections are completely safe when applied by an educated and experienced physician.
To this day there are only two approved preparations. Dysport and Botox (Allergan). The doctor is obliged to show the patient the bottle he uses for the treatment. If there is no label with information about origin, concentration and expiry date, the treatment is not safe and shouldn’t be accepted.
- Bruise at the place of injection, which passes in five to seven days.
- Headache or sickness (passes in 24 – 48 h, usually during the first application).
- Temporary weakness of muscles and eyebrow decline (lasts up to 3 months and is a mistake made by doctors).
Results of botox application
You will notice results of botox application after a few days but the full effect comes after ten days from injection application. By applying a moderate amount of Botox you retain a completely natural facial expression, and no Anti-rid or cream can delay forming and deepening of facial wrinkles with such effect.
Botox application effect last from four to six months, and after that the muscle completely recovers. Following that, the treatment can be repeated an unlimited number of times without any contraindications. Also, the treatments can be interrupted in any time without any fear that there will be any consequences on the face.
Spec. Dr. Svetlana Djurisic, dermatologist