Acne scars removal
A scar is defined as a fibrous tissue which replaces the normal skin structure that is destroyed by an injury or sickness. In the process of acne formation, the loss of tissue – atrophy, is more common than the creation of new, thickened tissue.
Clinical manifestation of these scars depends on the inflammatory process – nodular, conglobate acne, but also on the duration of the destruction.
Preventing the scars from occurring is always a priority when it comes to treating acne. Scars are usually expected from nodulocystic, conglobate acne, but they can occur from the surface type also. Today therapies that completely treat the process of acne occurrence are available. It is necessary to be very persistent in the first 3 months of treatment to achieve the effect and determine the adequate individual therapy.
There are a lot of creams in the market for treating acne scars.
Onion extracts (Contractubex) and silicon mixtures affect hypertrophic and keloid scars but have no effect on the depressed-atrophic scars that commonly appear on the face. Zinc, copper and tretinoin mixtures are also used with little or no effect.
Successful medical procedures for treating acne scars
Chemical peels with one component trichlor-vinegar-acid or combined with salicylic or pyruvic acid. They are commonly used in superficial peelings with a series of five peels once a month. more about chemical peels read here.
Glycolic acid is not a good choice except if at the same time it treats the active acne process. It is commonly used when there are hyperpigmentations that come from pustules.
Dermabrasion of the skin is an old method of mechanical removal of the surface skin layer. It is still the best method for treating deep scars.
Microdermabrasion is a very comfortable method with minimal recovery time. It repairs the skin texture but has little effect on the scars. More about microdermoabrasion read here.
Treatment with hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid injections produces the most dramatic differences with minimal recovery time. Other substances can be used, such as collagen, calcium hydroxyapatite, fatty cells. Silicon microparticles can give rise to many side effects and physicians are strongly divided in their opinion on its use. More about this treatment read here.
Derma rollers are small rollers that contain dozens of needles 0.25 mm in diameter and up to 2 mm in length. They reach the papillary dermis of the skin (deeper than the lasers and peels). Derma roller rips the fibrous connections intergrown by scars and strongly stimulates the healing processes, that is, the collection of macrophage and growth factors. The results are visible six weeks after the treatment. They are especially suitable in persons with darker complexion.
Candela Vbeam laser is the latest in treatment technology for various vascular lesions: Rosacea, enlarged capillaries and redness after the acne treatment. Laser treatment of red scars from acne is completely comfortable. No special preparation is necessary for the treatment. All patients can be treated, no matter how long the post-inflammatory redness is present and which therapy you are currently using. More about laser treatments for acne scars removal read here.
Excision of the skin
Excision of the skin is a surgical method of removing extensive scars from the skin. Sometimes it is one of the steps in treating acne scars.
Subcision of the skin
Subcision of the skin is a surgical method for removing scars that rips the connective scar fibers under the skin. On the surface, only a spot bruise is visible.
Spec. Dr. Svetlana Djurisic, dermatologist